Health Information

P
 
Paget's Disease of the Bone
Paget's disease of the bone is a chronic bone disorder in which bones become enlarged and deformed. Bone may become dense, but fragile, because of excessive breakdown and deformation of bone.
Pancreatic Cancer
Pancreatic cancer is the fourth most common cause of cancer death in men and women in the US. Pancreatic cancer occurs when malignant cells grow out of control.
Panic Disorder
Panic disorder is characterized by chronic, repeated, and unexpected panic attacks - bouts of overwhelming fear of being in danger when there is no specific cause for the fear
Parathyroid Tumor
A parathyroid tumor is a growth inside a parathyroid gland. Parathyroid tumors may cause increased levels of parathyroid hormones secreted by the parathyroid glands, leading to hyperparathyroidism.
Parkinson's Disease (Condition)
Parkinson's disease (PD or, simply, Parkinson's) is the most common form of parkinsonism, a group of motor system disorders. It is a slowly progressing, degenerative disease that is usually associated with the following symptoms, all of which result from the loss of dopamine-producing brain cells: tremor or trembling of the arms, jaw, legs, and face, stiffness or rigidity of the limbs and trunk, bradykinesia (slowness of movement), postural instability, or impaired balance and coordination.
Pelvis Problems
Two of the more common pelvic problems include pelvic fractures and osteitis pubis.
Pericarditis
Pericarditis is inflammation of the pericardium, the thin sac (membrane) that surrounds the heart
Periodontal Diseases
Periodontal diseases, also called gum diseases, are serious bacterial infections that destroy the gums and the surrounding tissues of the mouth.
Peripheral Vascular Disease
Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is a slow and progressive circulation disorder. It may involve disease in any of the blood vessels outside of the heart and diseases of the lymph vessels - the arteries, veins, or lymphatic vessels.
Peritonitis
Peritonitis is an infection caused by an inflammation of the lining of the abdominal cavity, known as the peritoneum.
Personality Disorders
Persons with a personality disorder display more rigid and maladaptive thinking and reacting behaviors that often disrupt their personal, professional, and social lives.
Peyronie's Disease
Peyronie's disease is characterized by a plaque, or hard lump, that forms on the erection tissue of the penis.
Pharyngitis / Tonsillitis
Pharyngitis and tonsillitis are infections in the throat that cause inflammation
Phobias
According to the American Psychiatric Association, a phobia is an uncontrollable, irrational, and persistent fear of a specific object, situation, or activity.
Pituitary Tumors
Although rare, most pituitary tumors are noncancerous (benign), comprising only 7 percent of brain tumors. However, because of the location of the pituitary gland, at the base of the skull, a pituitary tumor grows upward. Eventually, most pituitary tumors will press against the optic nerves, causing vision problems.
Pityriasis Rosea
Pityriasis rosea is a mild, but common, skin condition characterized by scaly, pink, inflamed skin, which can last from four to eight weeks and usually leaves no lasting marks.
Plugged Milk Ducts
A plugged duct feels like a tender lump in the breast.
Poison Ivy / Poison Oak
There are three native American plants that collectively may be called poison ivy: poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac.
Poliomyelitis (Polio)
Poliomyelitis is a highly contagious infectious disease caused by three types of poliovirus.
Polycystic Kidney Disease
Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a genetic disorder characterized by the growth of numerous cysts filled with fluid in the kidneys.
Polycystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
Polycystic ovarian syndrome (also called PCOS, polycystic ovary syndrome, or Stein Leventhal syndrome) is the most common hormonal and reproductive problem affecting women of childbearing age. It is estimated that about 8 percent to 15 percent of women experience this disorder.
Polycythemia Vera
Polycythemia vera is a rare blood disorder in which there is an increase in all blood cells, particularly red blood cells.
Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a debilitating condition that often follows a terrifying physical or emotional event - causing the person who survived the event to have persistent, frightening thoughts and memories, or flashbacks, of the ordeal.
Postpartum Thyroiditis
One particular postpartum complication is postpartum thyroiditis, a condition characterized by an inflamed thyroid gland.
Pregnancy
A pregnancy is divided into three phases, called trimesters. Each trimester has its own significant milestones.
Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)
A much more severe form of the collective symptoms known as premenstrual syndrome (PMS), premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) affects approximately 3 percent to 9 percent of women of reproductive age and is considered a severe and chronic medical condition that requires attention and treatment.
Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
Most women experience some unpleasant or uncomfortable symptoms during their menstrual cycle.
Prickly Heat
Prickly heat is a skin rash caused by trapped sweat under the skin.
Primary Hyperparathyroidism
Primary hyperparathyroidism is a metabolic disorder in which one (or more) of the parathyroid glands produces too much parathyroid hormone, which can result in the loss of bone tissue.
Primary Pulmonary Hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension is a lung disorder in which the blood pressure in the pulmonary artery rises far above normal levels.
Prostate Disease
There are clinical conditions of the prostate gland that are not cancer, including the following: prostatism, prostatitis, prostatalgia, benign prostatic hyperplasia (Also called BPH or benign prostatic hypertrophy.), impotence (Also called erectile dysfunction) and urinary incontinence).
Prostatitis
Prostatitis is one of several benign (non-cancerous), inflamed conditions of the prostate gland.
Pseudocysts of the Pancreas
Pseudocysts of the pancreas are abnormal collections of fluid, dead tissue, pancreatic enzymes, and blood that can lead to a painful mass in the pancreas.
Psoriasis
Psoriasis is a chronic skin condition characterized by inflamed, red, raised areas that often develop as silvery scales on the scalp, elbows, knees, and lower back.
Psoriatic Arthritis
Psoriatic arthritis is a form of arthritis associated with psoriasis, a chronic skin and nail disease characterized by red, scaly rashes and thick, pitted fingernails.
Pulmonary Embolism
A pulmonary embolism (PE) is a blood clot that develops in a blood vessel elsewhere in the body (most commonly from the leg), travels to an artery in the lung, and forms an occlusion (blockage) of the artery.
Pulmonary Emphysema
Emphysema is a chronic lung condition in which alveoli, or air sacs, may be destroyed, narrowed, collapsed, stretched or over-inflated.
Pulmonary Sarcoidosis
Sarcoidosis is a rare disease that results from inflammation.