Birth defects may be caused by a genetic, nutritional, infectious or environmental factor. Though it is difficult to identify the exact cause of birth defect in babies many of them can be prevented. Dr. H. P Singh, Sr. Paediatrician at Kailash Hospital Sec- 27 Noida elaborates on causes & types of birth defects that affect babies. He also explains how most of the risks of birth defects can be reduced & all the various types of birth defects like clubbed foot, cleft lip & palate, hydrocephalus. He advices women to make their best efforts to prevent these as some birth defects can be fatal. To know more about preventing birth defects & reducing the risk, consult our Paediatricians.